(Health Secrets) Daily consumption of diet soda plays a key role in the development of Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. This is the finding of a recent study published in Diabetes Care. Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X, is a cluster of characteristics known to increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome includes insulin resistance or actual Type 2 diabetes, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, and central obesity (high waist circumference).
The study, titled Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), was designed to test the association between diet soda and the overall risk of metabolic syndrome, and the various components of metabolic syndrome and Type 2 diabetes.
The researchers found that participants who consumed diet soda at least daily had a 36% greater risk for metabolic syndrome and a huge 67% greater risk for the development of Type 2 diabetes. Drinking diet soda daily increased the risk of Type 2 diabetes regardless of initial obesity and changes during the study. When metabolic syndrome was looked at by individual components, such as high fasting blood sugar (>100mg/dL) and high waist circumference (men: 102 cm/39.78inches; women: 88 cm/34.3inches), significant correlations with daily consumption of diet soda were revealed.
Limitations of the study included: observational design which precluded findings of causality, the possibility of unaccounted for differences in diet and lifestyle, difficulties accurately estimating intake of diet sodas and different artificial sweeteners.
The study authors conclude that: “These results corroborate findings from the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) and Framingham studies and show stronger adverse associations exist between diet soda and Type 2 diabetes. Diet soda consumption, either independently or in conjunction with other dietary and lifestyle behaviors, may lead to weight gain, impaired glucose control, and eventual diabetes.” While this data cannot establish causality, daily consumption of diet soda was associated with significantly increased risk of certain components of metabolic syndrome and Type 2 diabetes.”
The study’s findings support the findings of two previous studies that showed a positive correlation between diet soda consumption and metabolic syndrome, and Type 2 diabetes.
Another previous study found that adults with diabetes who drank one or more diet sodas per day had hemoglobin A1C levels 0.7 percent higher than those who drank none. HemoglobinA1C is a measurement that evaluates blood glucose control over a period of approximately 3 months. A difference of that magnitude would normally be found when one group started a new, effective diabetic medication and another group was left untreated.
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Published with permission from Alignlife. Original article link is here.