The sweet essences of sunshine, fresh air and leafy greens are upon us.
But for some people, joining in on this bountiful chorus with their own vegetable or herb garden might sound too intimidating, or they’re not exactly sure where to start. If this sounds like you, the following tips will help simplify the learning curve and get you on track to reap a delightful harvest right from your own backyard.
Herbs are among the easiest garden plants to grow during the summertime because they typically perform best with lots of sun exposure. They can also be grown densely in small spaces, which makes them a preferable option for people who live in condominiums or apartments, or who live on small lots. The average backyard grower can maintain a full array of herbs in a small herb garden with a lot less effort than you might think.
Start your herb garden by your kitchen
If you have even a little bit of outdoor space, constructing an herb garden close to your kitchen will make it easy for you to access it in a pinch. Whether it is a slim edge at the back wall of your house, a corner by the kitchen window or even just a few growing pots clustered together by the back door, even the smallest of backyard spaces can work.
Since they’re typically not as finicky as vegetables, flowers and fruits in terms of their required growing conditions, herbs are an excellent choice for the casual grower looking to spice things up in the kitchen. Just make sure to pick a spot that gets at least half a day of full sun, and plant the herbs that you plan to use the most.
Annuals and perennials are both good ideas for your herb garden
Knowing which herbs grow continually year after year and which have to be planted annually is also important. Many of the most popular herbs, including basil, dill, cilantro and cumin, are annuals, meaning they only grow only during a single growing season. Perennial herbs like lavender, mint, oregano, rosemary, and thyme tend to live for several years.
“Annual plants grow for only one season and so must be planted each spring,” explains the National Gardening Association (NGA).
“Perennials live for several years. Their foliage dies back in the fall, but the roots overwinter and resume growth the following spring. And biennials grow for two years, growing foliage the first season, overwintering, then forming seeds and dying back at the end of the second season.”
More information about types of herbs, their soil requirements and how to care for them can be accessed at the NGA website: (https://www.garden.org).
Choosing a design that works for your herb garden
Certain herbs will grow better when grouped together with other herbs of their same kind. Annuals, which require optimal soil conditions and regular watering, as well as warmer weather, can be bunched in the same planter or pot. Perennials, on the other hand, can be relegated to edges of flower beds or in other areas, since they tend to require less care.
“Robust herbs such as sage and rosemary stand up to each other, require little watering and a sharply drained soil,” explains EatLocalGrown.com. “Sage grows prodigiously in summer and will swamp smaller herbs planted too close.
“Herbs such as mint and lemon balm are best kept elsewhere, unless you want a constant battle to keep them from spreading through the other plants.”
For some helpful herb garden designs, be sure to check out these four simple ideas by Mother Earth News:
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About the Author: Ethan Huff
Ethan Huff is a freelance writer and health enthusiast who loves exploring the vast world of natural foods and health, digging deep to get to the truth. He runs an online health publication of his own at http://wholesomeherald.blogspot.com.